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West Midlands Accessibility and Travel Passes

These datasets are based around the boarding and travel associated to smartcards in the West Midlands Combined Authority (WMCA) and linked to the English National Concessionary Travel Scheme (ENCTS). All datasets are anonymised and contain the following information.

  • Accessibility estimates to selected POIs (retail centres, supermarkets, clinics, GPs, hospitals, railway stations) based on bus timetables and the ITN road network at OA level 2010-2016. Supermarkets are categorised by size, each category also includes any larger categories.

  • Count of individuals in each LSOA eligible for ENCTS concessionary travel passes in the West Midlands. The frequencies account for planned increases in the age of eligibility. - 2010 to 2016 based on population estimates. - 2016 to 2041 based on ONS population forecasts.

  • Frequency of boardings per month by ENCTS pass holders in the West Midlands between 2010 and 2016. LSOA is based on passengers home LSOA rather than Boarding or Alighting location.

  • Monthly origin-destination flows of ENCTS passengers between LSOAs between January 2014 and August 2016. The data report the frequency of journeys between LSOAs where it was possible to determine both the journey origin and journey destination. These counts do not represent all journeys and are limited to a specific service provider.

  • Proportion of eligible ENCTS registered population in each LSOA assigned to each of six travel behaviour clusters.

Attribution is required for using this dataset.

University College London (UCL)
Additional Info: 


TFWM (AVL, ENCTS, Timetable, Asset Tracker), Department for Transport (Naptan Stops), ONS (Boundaries)

Interactive Map


ESRC Project Code: ES/P010741/1

Data and Resources

Release Date
Homepage URL
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
West Midlands
Alistair Leak, Jens Kandt, Alfie Long
Contact Name
Jens Kandt
Contact Email
POLYGON ((-2.2483932972 52.3439526708, -1.3918030262 52.3439526708, -1.3918030262 52.6628626576, -2.2483932972 52.6628626576, -2.2483932972 52.3439526708))
UK Open Government Licence (OGL)

Data Extent


UK Open Government Licence (OGL)